The Sixth Committee of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (also known as the Legal Committee) is the primary forum in addressing international law issues, mainly public international law. Pursuant to Article 13 of the UN Charter, the Legal Committee has the mandate of promoting the formulation, development, and application of international law. The committee is assisted by reporting bodies in performing their mandates such as Committee on Relations with Host Country, International Law Commission, Special Committee on the Charter of UN and on the Strengthening of the Role of Organization, and UN Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination, and Wider Appreciation of International Law. As one of the main six committees of the General Assembly, it grants the rights to all UN member states to be represented in the committee’s meetings.
With the rapid increase in the rates of internet connectivity and the use of technology, cybercrime has continuously extended into a diverse range of motives and actors. The general types of cybercrime include offences against confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer and data systems, computer-related offences, as well as content-related offences. Cybercrime may be committed by both actors working directly or hired by state entities and independent actors who are motivated by financial, ideological, political, or other malicious reasons. It encompasses a broad range of activities such as financial fraud crimes, cyberterrorism, cyberwarfare, drug trafficking, and online harassment. Cybercrime damages are predicted to cost the world $6 trillion annually by 2021. Efforts in making international standards on cybercrime have been made, notably the enactment of the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (the Budapest Convention). However, the complex nature of cybercrime still causes challenges for law enforcement in preventing and investigating the crime, particularly in the matter of jurisdiction; securing and analyzing evidence; law enforcers capacity; as well as the loopholes in existing legal tools. Legal Committee delegates are expected to discuss the legal framework on the prevention, investigation, and criminalization of cybercrime in order to protect vulnerable actors along with states' stability and security.