COUNCIL SELECTION

Take a leap into the work of world leaders. Be a part of focused discussions inside the United Nations Subsidiary Councils, filled with analytical topics ranging from humanitarian crises and climate change.

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PRESS CORPS

International journalism and media play an integral part in informing the public of major global events and even influence public opinion. Press Corps delegates will act as journalists from various news agencies, responsible to bring their analysis and unique perspectives of the discussion happening inside all other councils’ committee chambers. The Press Corps is a unique council as it is concerned with the progress of the rest of JOINMUN’s councils rather than just its own.

The Third Committee, otherwise known as the Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), is one of the six main bodies of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. This body is responsible for dealing and resolving international concerns related to human rights, humanitarian affairs, and social matters. Pursuant of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in 1945, the Third Committee caters to a wide spectrum of humanitarian and cultural issues, ranging from protecting the rights of children to improving international drug control. SOCHUM serves as a free platform for states to coordinate and collaborate in promoting human rights and to safeguard each person's fundamental freedoms.

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SOCHUM

Preventing Illegitimate Organ Donations

UNHRC

Justice for Shame: Dismantling Honor Killings

A subsidiary organ to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) was enacted in 2006 with a total of 47 member states. As elaborated within A/RES/60/251, the UNHRC has a mandate of promoting universal respect for the protection of all human rights and guaranteeing fundamental freedoms for everyone across the globe. In executing its mandate, the UNHRC is capable of recommending solutions and advice to solve threats to human rights and gross human rights violations.

The Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN), also known as the Second Committee, is the committee under the United Nations (UN) General Assembly that was officially established in 1945. ECOFIN is unique in that it focuses on the globalised economy and provides financial assistance to countries. As one of the General Assemblies of the UN, it is open to all UN member states and meets the same parliamentary procedures as every other UN main organ. This committee mainly deals with issues relating to economic growth and sustainable development such as macroeconomic policy questions, financing for development, human settlements, eradication of poverty, and other forms of economic issues that ultimately lead to the encouragement of regional growth and support for all nations through global partnerships.

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ECOFIN

Fostering Sustainable Economic Growth in Emerging Markets through Financial Inclusion

ARCTIC COUNCIL

Cooling hostility in the North: Initiating Peacebuilding efforts

Established in 1996, the Arctic Council since then has been the main body promoting cooperation within the Arctic. This council has become the leading body in moderating relations amongst Arctic states and indigenous people on common Arctic issues, particularly those that concern sustainable development and environmental protection. Arctic Council members are defined through the 1996 Ottawa Declaration, consisting of eight permanent members, six indigenous groups of the Arctic as permanent participants with full consultation rights, and observer states and organizations. Throughout the years, the Arctic Council has made several legally binding agreements, namely those that touch upon the issue of oil pollution, search and rescue, as well as scientific cooperation.

The Sixth Committee of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (also known as the Legal Committee) is the primary forum in addressing international law issues, mainly public international law. Pursuant to Article 13 of the UN Charter, the Legal Committee has the mandate of promoting the formulation, development, and application of international law. The committee is assisted by reporting bodies in performing their mandates such as Committee on Relations with Host Country, International Law Commission, Special Committee on the Charter of UN and on the Strengthening of the Role of Organization, and UN Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination, and Wider Appreciation of International Law. As one of the main six committees of the General Assembly, it grants the rights to all UN member states to be represented in the committee’s meetings.

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LEGAL COMMITTEE

Reaffirming International Law in Regulating Cybercrime

UNSC

Securitizing the Sahel Deserts: An Oasis of Conflict

The United Nations (UN) Security Council primary responsibility is to maintain international peace and security, with 15 voting members: 5 permanent members and 10 rotating non-permanent members which are elected every two years. Its powers include establishing peacekeeping operations, enacting international sanctions, and authorizing military action as stipulated in Chapter V of the UN Charter. The Security Council is the only UN body with the authority to enact binding resolutions on member states. Resolutions of the Security Council are typically enforced by UN peacekeepers, military forces voluntarily provided by member states and funded independently of the main UN budget. Although it has the capacity to use military forces, when a complaint concerning a threat to peace is brought before it, the Council’s first action is usually to recommend that the parties try to reach an agreement by peaceful means.

The period between 1968 and 1989 in Latin America was a turbulent one for Latin America. In the past couple of decades, the region had seen pushback after pushback against United States (US) imperialism in places like Cuba and Nicaragua when leftist forces often won elections in countries economically dominated by the US. In 1954, the first chips fell when the US overthrew the Guatemalan government. Then Brazil in 1962 and with the election of Salvador Allende in Chile, now it set its sights on the Pacific country, and with it, the key to keeping the “America’s backyard” safe from communism. Inspired by the methods used by Indonesian anti-communists in Jakarta, they would stop at nothing to ensure that their country is free from communist influence. Operation Condor will thus depict the period of time in which the US was heavily involved in regime change and counterinsurgency programs in Latin America. Within the context of the Cold War, these activities would ensure that Soviet influence would be contained to a handful of small, easily isolatable countries while ensuring the cooperation of Latin American governments with US corporate interests.2 Delegates will take the role of a number of figures both public and clandestine in this effort to ensure US dominance over the region.

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CRISIS

Plan Yacarta: The Cold War in Latin America (1968-1989)

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